Turbochargers

The turbocharger was invented by Swiss engineer Alfred Buchi. It was patented in 1905. Diesel locomotives and ships with turbochargers began appearing in the 1920s. One of the first mentions of the turbocharger on the engine nedizelnom was when Stanford Moss, General Electric engineer, used for aircraft engine turbo V12 Liberty. The engine was tested at Pikes Peak in Colorado at an altitude of 14,000 feet (4300 m) above sea level, to demonstrate that helps eliminate the power losses in internal combustion engines as a result of reduced pressure and air density at altitude.

Turbochargers were first used in aircraft engines made 30's before World War II. The main purpose of ospolzovaniya turbokopressorov the plane was to increase the maximum height to which the aircraft can fly, by compensating for the lower atmospheric pressure. Aircraft such as the Lockheed P-38, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and Republic P-47, all used turbochargers to increase the height at which the engine can operate. The first turbo-diesel truck was made 'Schweizer Maschinenfabrik Saurer' in 1938. The first production car turbocharged started by General Motors in 1962. A-body Oldsmobile Cutlass Jetfire and Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder were both cars are equipped with turbochargers. The first car with a diesel turbo engine was produced in 1978 by Mercedes-Benz.

Today, nearly all automotive diesels are available with a turbocharged engine. Vehicles with a turbocharger began to astound the world in 1952 when Fred Agabashian poulpozishn qualified for the Indianapolis 500 and led his car 100 miles (160 km) led pilotona before taking off from the rock under the wheels do not hurt the compressor. Offenhauser's engines with the turbine back to Indianapolis in 1966, and won in 1968. Turbocharged engines have reached Offenhauser power to more than 1000 hp (750 kW) in 1973, while Porsche dominated the Can-Am series with a 1100 hp (820 kW). Vehicles with turbocharged engine dominated the Le Mans between 1976 and 1988 and then 2000-2007. In Formula 1, the so-called "Turbo Era 'c 1977 to 1989, with engines capacity 1500 cc power could dostignat from 1000 to 1500 hp (746 – 1119 kW) (Renault, Honda, BMW, Ferrari). Renault was the first manufacturer to apply turbo technology in F1, in 1977. The high cost of the project was compensated by its results, and persuaded other automobile manufacturers in the feasibility of using this technology. However, FIA has decided that the turbines do sport too dangerous and expensive, and the first in 1987 the maximum boost pressure was reduced, and then the technology was banned completely in 1989. The rally turbocharged engine to 2,000 cc has long been the preferred driving force due to the exceptional possibilities of relations to the weight (and a huge vraschayuschyuschego moment). As the popularity of turbocharged engines increased, then F1 could not be ostavatsya aside and FIA, rather than ban technology ogranichelo diameter inlet turbocharger (currently 34 mm).

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