And tried to answer how energy can ensure the humanity without harming the environment, social stability, or threaten the welfare of future generations? 2. Principle and economic activity: Sustainability and Sustainable Development Onshore Exploration, is development that ensures the needs of the present without compromising the ability to face future generations meet their own needs. Later add this definition in view of protecting and managing the natural resource base to those social and economic development are overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development. (Theory of triple sustainability) Also observed, the inclusion in the concept of sustainability and sustainable development, renewable resources such as coal, oil and natural gas as part of the sustainability model as part of the report World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) 1987, which marks the possibility of including renewable energy sources like coal industries oil, sustainability projects. Petroleum Exploration Onshore oil exploration is the exploration and scientific recognition of deposits of raw materials, led by geologists and geophysicists search for oil on the earth’s surface, unlike the mining, transportation or consumption of raw . Currently this activity is represented as the activity increased availability and affordability of energy resources between the formal economy is represented by fossil fuels (about 85% of commercial energy). Within this stage of the process of extraction of oil and energy source are main risks or unintended consequences often to observe, mainly those resulting from drilling activities and occupation of the areas given in concession or authority, which are those will provide information on geological potential called oil.